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阿、非国家代表介绍本国或地区具体情况和对新能源技术与产品的需求

发表日期:2010年04月29 作者:阿拉伯信息交流中心 来源:

1.埃及代表

2.伊拉克代表

3.巴林代表


埃及代表发言

尊敬的女士们先生们:

首先,我要感谢此次大会的组委会中非投资发展商会,给我这个机会能站在这里给大家介绍埃及的可再生能源。

随着埃及的改革措施,埃及政府制订了一系列的可再生能源计划。在过去的二十年,可再生能源行业在埃及有了巨大的发展。 在政府的不断努力下,通过卓有成效的国际合作,可再生能源在埃及的初级实地考察确认阶段已经顺利渡过,现阶段的任务是大型电网并入的计划和实施。

据预测,天然气储备会在57年后枯竭,不过,说到可再生能源,埃及可以说是投资者实现梦想的地方。埃及拥有的丰富土地,充足的日照及高速的风力恰恰是以下三种可再生能源的主要来源:风力,太阳能及生物质能。

尽管可再生能源在埃及市场上还处在初级阶段,但是埃及具有战略意义的地理位置再加上埃及政府对可再生能源的高度重视,使得埃及成为最佳投资地点。埃及政府正在努力建立新的框架体系用以鼓励外企及私企在该领域投资。

埃及政府预计,至2020年,利用可再生能源发电将达到总发电量的20%, 其中12%为风力发电。 风电场(最具成本效益的可再生能源)及生质柴油是政府首要关注的重点项目,埃及大片的土地,稳定的气候及充足的高素质劳动力是以上两个项目的主要优势。

研究表明太阳能在接下来的五到七年时间里预计会大量降低成本。尽管投资机遇相对风力及生物质能较少,但埃及同样希望发展太阳能资源。

现在我们先谈谈埃及的竞争实力

主要投资领域:风力,太阳能,生质柴油,生物质能

具有战略意义的地理优势及气候优势:埃及气候炎热并带有大风以及埃及丰富的农业用地,加上埃及临近欧洲能源市场及能源设备生产商,使得埃及成为可再生能源的最佳投资地点。

中东北非地区风力发电量首位:埃及总风力发电量占中东北非地区内总风电的57%,超过摩洛哥,伊朗,突尼斯跃居首位。 此外,苏伊士运河地区的风速为10米/秒,居世界首位。其他地区如西部沙漠地带,东部沙漠地带,亚喀巴港红海沿岸, 也是风力发电的主要地区。

高强度太阳能辐照:平均直接太阳辐照强度为2000-2600千瓦/平方米显示了太阳能能源在埃及的巨大发展潜能,尤其是上埃及地区。

长时间的阳光照射及风过地带:每年,埃及的主要地区光照为2400小时,欧洲受光照最多的国家为西班牙和希腊,仅为1900小时; 主要风过地带,每年可达3900小时。

稳定的投资者友好激励体系:埃及政府在欧洲成功模式的基础上推行了一套投资者友好激励体系。政府计划引进补贴关税及用以鼓励私有投资。 另外,埃及政府会帮助外国可再生能源企业选择合适的区域,通过在基础设施方面的帮助降低投资成本,同时并帮助该地区并入国家电网。

生质柴油产品的优势:埃及有丰富且高素质的劳动力, 稳定的炎热气候适宜植物生长,并可提供大量土地供植物种植。政府计划显示至2020年生物质能预计发电量为1500兆瓦。

对社会的帮助:每个风力或生物质能项目都会提供至少40个就业机会; 另外,生物柴油所需植物的种植会提供3000-5000个就业机会;提供这些就业机会相应的也有助于推动国家的经济发展及提升可再生能源行业的形象。

埃及可再生能源的投资机遇

Qena省的生物质能电厂:政府计划在Qena省开发一个15兆瓦的生物质能电厂。该地区大面积种植甘蔗,利用甘蔗渣即可发电。该项目需要2200万美金的投资及135000吨原料。项目的运行和维护需要约40名员工。

埃及政府正在考虑和意大利政府合作利用太阳能PV技术给偏远地区供电。

另外,一座150兆瓦的太阳热能发电厂正在建设中。

生产风轮机

埃及政府正寻求发展风轮机组件以适应不断增长的本国及周边地区的需求。从生产年发电量400兆瓦的风力发电机塔及风机叶片开始,先供应本国市场,再扩大到北非及中东地区。

风机叶片生产项目需要投资大约5900万美金, 风力发电机塔年需要投资1亿4700万美金, 同时需要约400名员工。 在埃及生产的风机叶片容易出口到周边国家。

强有力的政策支持

埃及政府采取如下措施以激励对可再生源的投资:

l给予风电场投资补贴关税

l手续简单一体化,所需官方手续及文件,会有政府部门全力配合

l位置选择,帮助投资者选择合适的区域,并同事帮助该区并入国家电网做准备工作,从而帮助企业降低成本

为什么选择投资埃及

很多大型跨国企业及海外中型企业都选择投资埃及,以下是主要原因:

稳定增长

埃及的GDP增速2006/07年度为7.1%,2007/08年度为7.2%,不仅高于中东北非地区平均水平,高出全球平均值0.2%。 其中可再生能源是最快速增长的领域之一。埃及的宏观经济基础稳定, 财政赤字逐年递减, 货币政策清晰,金融业银行业坚如磐石。

劳动力

埃及有大批的劳动力资源,他们素质高,成本抵,并且渴望在技术密集型领域如可再生能源领域工作。埃及每年有大约16000名高校理工类毕业生。

基础设施

埃及政府致力于利用替代能源来满足人民不断增长的需求, 通过帮助投资者选择并设计可再生能源项目所需场地,鼓励外商在可再生能源领域投资。

巨大的消费市场

埃及人均收入2006/07年度为10055埃镑, 是2000/01年度(5548埃镑)的两倍。快速经济增长刺激了从批发到零售从生产到服务个行业的消费需求。

税收政策

埃及的企业税及个人所得税最高仅为20%, 和企业税34%的基准国巴西及基准国土耳其相比,有很大优势。 新的纳税手续简单,并遵从国际标准,随机审计。

其他的优势

贴近市场

埃及和欧盟,欧洲自由贸易联盟,阿拉伯世界,美国及非洲的贸易自由化协定有助于产品及服务的出口。埃及和欧洲主要能源市场仅有四小时飞行距离; 和其他生质柴油生产国如中国,印度,印尼相比,埃及距离美国更近。

多样的经济

在中东和北非地区,埃及的经济时最多种多样的, 从而能够保证埃及各领域的长期稳定的发展。

投资环境

埃及是阿拉伯国家及非洲国家中第一个签署OECD(经济合作发展组织)国际投资暨多国企业宣言与决议的国家。外国直接投资额在2001-2006年间翻了12倍, 使埃及成为非洲最主要的投资市场及阿拉伯国家中第二的投资市场。

政治稳定人身安全

在非洲和中东地区,埃及的稳定可以说是沙漠中的绿洲。埃及政局稳定,也就是说今天的法律法规可以保证以后仍然有效;开罗是世界上最安全的大城市之一, 在埃及的大型跨国公司即使将其主要员工常驻开罗也大可放心。

希望能够在埃及见到各位。

谢谢!

In pursuance of its reform agenda, the Egyptian government has set an ambitious renewable energy program. And over the last two decades, renewable energy has gained momentum, Supported by sustained government commitment and fruitful international cooperation. Egypt has passed the stage of initial resource assessment and demonstration projects towards the planning and implementation of large scale grid connected projects.

  • As natural gas reserves expected to be exhausted in the next 57 years, Egypt is an investor’s dream when it comes to sustainable energy resources. It possesses an abundance of land, sunny weather and high wind speeds, making it a prime resource for three renewable energy sources: wind, solar and biomass.
  • Although renewable energy is a relatively virgin market in Egypt, the country’s strategic location and the government’s commitment to increasing its renewable energy output make it an attractive investment opportunity. In fact, mechanisms and plans have been set in order to create a new policy framework that fosters an investor-friendly system and encourages foreign as well as private sector involvement.
  • The government expects the renewable energy sector to produce 20% of total power generation by 2020, 12% of which will be generated by wind energy. Priority sectors are wind farms (the most cost-effective renewable energy source), followed by biodiesel production, both of which are supported by the country’s abundance of land, stable climate conditions and competitive labor force.
  • Studies show that solar energy costs expected to decline sharply over the next 5-7 years; therefore, Egypt aims to develop a competitive market in solar energy, but sees more immediate opportunities in wind and biomass.

Now let’s talk a little bit about

Competitive strengths and capabilities

Core Areas for Investment:Wind energy, solar energy, biod iesel, and biomass

Strategic Geo-Climactic Location

Egypt’s consistently hot climate, high wind speeds and abundance of agricultural land give it a competitive advantage in renewable energy production. Furthermore, its proximity to European energy markets and energy-equipment manufacturers make it an attractive invest ment option.

Highest Wind Electricity Generation in the Region

With Egypt pro ducing almost 57% of the region’s total wind energy, it has already become the leading producer ahead of Morocco, Iran and Tunisia. The Suez Canal area has one of the highest consistent wind speeds in the world at 10 m/s. Other important areas include the Western and Eastern deserts, in ad dition to the Red Sea coast along the Gulf of Aqaba.

High-Intensity Solar Radiation

The high intensity of direct solar radiation in Egypt (2,000-2,600 KWh/m2) shows great poten tial for solar energy development, especially in Upper Egypt.

Longer Hours of Sun and Wind Operation than in Europe

Every year, Egypt’s primary locations offer 2,400 or morehours of solar operation, compared with maximum European figures of 1,900 in Spain and Greece, the next-closest countries. As for wind energy, hours of operation in areas with the highest speeds can reach up to 3,900 hours per year.

Stable and Investor-Friendly Government Incentive System

Proving its commitment to the RE sector, the Egyptian government is currently developing an investor-friendly incentive system based on successful European incentive models. The govern ment plans to introduce a feed-in tariff and a seamless licensing process to boost private investment. Furthermore, it will reduce the cost of infrastructure investment for foreign renewable energy companies by identifying logistically suitable areas and at the same time providing the locations with connection access to the national grid.

Logistical Advantage for Biodiesel Production

Egypt has a logistical advantage in biodiesel production: the country has a competitive labor force, a stable and hot climate to facilitate plant growth, and an abundance of affordable land for plant production. The government plan indicates that biomass will generate an expected share of 1,500 MW worth of electricity by 2020.

High Degree of Public Acceptance

Wind projects and biomass plants will provide an estimated 40 jobs per project. In addition, cultivation of plants for biodiesel production provides 3,000-5,000 employment prospects, thus creating job opportunities to help boost the country’s economy and the RE sector’s public image.

Opportunities for Investment in Egypt’s RE Sector

Biomass Plant in Qena Governate

There are plans to develop a 15-MW biomass plant in the gov ernate of Qena, where sugarcane is extensively cultivated. Its bagasse (refuse) can be processed into electricity. The US$ 22 million investment would require 135,000 tons of feedstock per year and would create employment for 40 workers in plant functioning and maintenance. There is also a biomass technology project under development for a prototype plant, in cooperation with academic institutions such as Arizona University.

The Egyptian government is also considering a project in co operation with the Italian government that would use solar PV technology to supply power to rural areas.

A solar-thermal combined plant, which combines solar power and cycle islands to produce a total 150 MW, is currently under development and will be completed by mid-2009.

Wind Turbine Manufacturing

The Egyptian government is seeking to develop selective wind turbine components to serve the increasing demand of local and regional markets. The goal is to start by manufacturing turbine towers and blade facilities for the local market (large enough to supply 400 MW yearly), then to supply products to the emerg ing North African and Middle Eastern markets.

The blade manufacturing project alone requires an estimated investment of US$ 59 million, while the tower industry is es­timated at US$ 147 million per year and will provide employ ment to 400 workers. The blades industry itself would be a highly valuable export commodity, as Egypt has the supporting logistical infrastructure to export the blades to its neighboring countries.

Strong Policy support for remeables

Egypt is currently develop ing the following incentive schemes to encourage RE investment:

A feed-in tariff scheme in the development of wind farms,

encouraging investment by ensuring revenue stream.

A seamless licensing process

by ensuring timely management of authorization requests, creating a single point of interface authorized to deal with land-related issues. The entire authorization process will be facilitated in full cooperation with all government authorities.

Area zoning,

by planning logistically appropriate areas, and preparing the locations with connection access to the national grid, thus reducing the cost of infrastructure investment for investors.

Why invest in Egypt

There are dozens of reasons why leading multinationals and offshore medium-sized enterprises alike are investing in Egypt. Among them:

Growth and Stability

Egypt’s GDP grew 7.1% in 2006/07 and 7.2% in 2007/08. That is not only better than the average for the Middle East and North Africa region; it is also some two percentage points above the global average. Among the nation’s fastest-growing sectors: re newable energy. Egypt’s macroeconomic fundamentals are very stable and include a declining budget deficit, a clear monetary policy and a rock-solid banking and finance sector.

Labor Force

Egypt has a large, trained and cost-effective labor force eager to work in skill-intensive sectors such as renewable energy. Every year, an average of 16,000 fully qualified engineers graduate from local universities.

Infrastructure

The Egyptian government is committed to utilizing alternative sources of energy to fulfill its citizens’ constantly growing needs, by encouraging foreign investment in its abundant renewable energy sources. The government aims at facilitating investors’ market penetration by designating sites for renewable projects. It’s worth mentioning that, new regulations require companies in Free Zones to be responsible for their own power supply, providing sig nificant investment opportunities there as a result of the infra structure.

Large Consumer Market

Egypt’s per-capita income has doubled to EGP 10,055 in 2006/07 from EGP 5,548 in 2000/01. A fast-growing economy and sophisticated consumers have spurred retail and wholesale demand for a wide range of products and services.

Tax Structure

Corporate and personal tax rates in Egypt are competitive at a maximum rate of 20% each, compared to a 34% corporate tax in benchmark country Brazil, and on par with benchmark country Turkey. New procedures have streamlined filing pro cedures and instituted a global-standard, random-sample audit procedure. The nation’s largest corporate taxpayers are served by a special, highly trained unit at the Tax Authority.

What else in Egypt

Access and Proximity to Markets

Egypt’s interlocking network of trade-liberalization agreements facilitates the export of goods and services to the European Union, European Free Trade Association, the Arab World, the United States and Africa. Egypt is an average four-hour flight away from key European energy markets and is closer to the United States than other biodiesel-producing countries such as China, India and Indonesia.

Diversified Economy

Egypt’s economy is among the most diverse in the Middle East and North Africa, helping ensure long-term growth prospects and stability for all sectors.

Reformist Investment Climate

Egypt was the first Arab and first African country to sign the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises. FDI inflows grew twelvefold in the period 2001-06, making it the leading investment market in Africa and the second market in the Arab world.

Political Stability and Personal Security

Egypt remains an oasis of stability in Africa and the Middle East. Political stability guarantees that today’s regulatory decisions will still stand tomorrow, and Cairo is one of the safest large cities in the world, making it easy for multinational corporations to convince key staff members to accept post ings here.

Hope to see many of you in Egypt soon

Thank you very much

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